The causes of brown spots

Brown spots (also known as age or sun spots) are small, freckle-like marks that are caused by excessive sun exposure. They commonly appear on the face, chest, shoulders and arms because those areas of the body get the most sunshine. Ultraviolet (UV rays) accelerate the production of melanin, which gives skin its brown pigmentation. Brown spots result from overactive pigment cells and melanin being grouped together in higher concentrations. Melanin tends to develop in small circles in a concentrated area.

These spots are mostly harmless and are usually addressed for cosmetic reasons. If you do notice an unusual brown spot on your skin, be sure to monitor it to make sure it doesn’t change in size or colour. If the spot does change size or colour, schedule an appointment with your regular physician to get it checked out.

What is melasma?

Melasma is a common skin condition in which brown or gray-brown patches develop on the face. Melasma commonly forms on the forehead, bridge of the nose, cheeks, lips and chin and other areas of the body that get a lot of sunlight. Women are more likely to develop this condition than men, and it is sometimes called the “mask of pregnancy” because it commonly occurs at that time.

The cause of melasma isn’t clear, but it occurs when melanocytes (the colour-making cells in the skin) produce too much colour. This condition is triggered by:

  • Changes in hormones (caused by pregnancy, birth control pills or hormone replacement medicine)
  • Sun exposure, as UV rays stimulate melanocytes

Treatments in NW Calgary

We offer multiple treatments at our skin studio in northwest Calgary. In some cases, we may combine treatments to give you the most amazing results possible. We use the following options to treat brown spots:

Laser pigment removal
Laser Pigment Removal

This is the treatment of choice if you have minimal brown spots, sun damage or freckles. Not suitable for all skin
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An effective treatment for all over brown spots, sun damage or freckles, on your face, neck décolletage, hands or any other areas with large amounts of sun damage. Not suitable for all skin types.
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PICO Genesis
Pico Genesis

Effective for all skin types and may be used to safely treat and help control melasma.*
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Pico Focus Facial
Pico Focus

Effective for all skin types and may be used to safely help control melasma.*
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This is one of the best non-ablative skin treatments to improve overall skin tone and treat stubborn pigment.*
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Thermoclear Pro RF
ThermoClear Pro RF

A precise manual technique that always produces great results.* This what we use to treat pigment that is not safe to use the laser, such as the eye area.
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Book a consultation at Fresh Laser Skin Studio

Many people resort to using concealers, bb cream, or foundation to cover up their uneven skin tone. While pigmentation may be concealed with makeup, why not improve your skin health and just get rid of it! A consultation will determine your most suitable treatment options, taking into consideration your skins’ condition.

Book a consultation at Fresh Laser Skin Studio in NW Calgary and reduce your brown spots or melasma. To get started, fill out the form on our site or give us a call at (403) 264-4494. Get fresh; your skin will thank you!

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* Individual results may vary; not a guarantee.


We're happy to answer any questions you may have, feel free to call us at
(403) 264-4494